The following headings are found below:
Demonstrator programmes for creating a technology advantage
Demonstrators proposed in NRIA Flyg 2013
Ongoing and performed civil demonstrator programmes
GF Demo (2012-2016)
Ongoing and performed military demonstrator programmes
DEMONSTRATOR PROGRAMMES FOR CREATING A TECHNOLOGY ADVANTAGE
In the future, development within aeronautics will continue to take place as part of international collaborations, in which national participants will compete for contracts to produce subsystems. Sweden must gain a foothold in this competition. An essential step on the road to ensuring that aerospace technology and innovation in Sweden is in demand is that we focus on our strengths and that within these we package up developed technologies into appropriate demonstrators. It is through these demonstrators that Sweden can realise its ambitions of gaining a foothold in future aerospace systems, thus gaining business, generating export income, and creating jobs.
The agenda NRIA Flyg 2013 includes the following recommendations:
We suggest investment in five demonstrators — two new demonstrators and three that have already commenced — that will collectively help us meet our objectives (see below) and thereby renew Swedish areas of strength and give us the right conditions to rise to international importance with an expanded product portfolio. The demonstrators are prioritised based on current knowledge and readiness levels. They combine civilian and military needs and benefits, and can be assembled in future demonstrator concepts, at different levels of readiness. As part of this work, it is important to coordinate and understand the synergies between organisations in their own technological areas and between aerospace and other fields. We have listed the appropriate collaborative partners for each proposed demonstrator.
The five demonstrators are:
– Complete aircraft capability and concept studies
– Integrated Propulsion
– Propulsion — fan module
– Integrated structures – wing
– Air traffic management – integrated concept
NFFP, FLUD AND GF DEMO
With the support of the programmes NFFP, FLUD, and GF Demo, participants in Sweden have increased their share of participation in international civilian collaborations. These programmes have been critical for Sweden to keep its global position within aeronautics manufacturing. Since the Gripen Demo, there have been no military equivalents to the above demonstrator programmes. The FLUD and GF Demo programmes are be described below.
DEMONSTRATORS PROPOSED IN NRIA Flyg 2013
A new, unmanned demonstrator in subscale, in order to cost-effectively demonstrate the feasibility, signature, future-proof aircraft design, aerodynamic efficiency, autonomy, and control mechanisms for new concepts. It has possible applications within the military and security sectors. The demonstrator will use results from a number of technology demonstrators, including those from the areas of:
* Propulsion — low signature integration: Ground demonstrator to show the realisability of unique technologies required for low signature integration of engines including air intakes and engine exhausts. The technologies will additionally be demonstrated as part of international collaborations. Collaboration: GKN, Saab, FOI, Chalmers.
* Decision support/autonomy: Ground demonstrator in a simulator environment in order to mature technologies and functions that aid players’ decision-making, as well as a flying demonstration of Gripen using a number of new interaction principles in the cabin and interaction with unmanned aircraft. Collaboration: Saab, LiU.
* Sensors/communication: Ground demonstrator showing the integration of antennae into a multi-function solution with a low signature. Collaboration: Saab, Chalmers, FOI.
An increase in readiness of an existing ground demonstrator and the placing of an innovative engine concept in a flying demonstrator, such as an open-rotor engine, is an area in which Sweden has the opportunity to gain a firmer footing in, for instance, the lightweight construction of engine structures, both composite and hybrid structures. This demonstrator is based on work carried out as part of the civilian programmes Green Engine Demonstrator Programme and Clean Sky. It is strongly linked to Clean Sky 2 and the innovative flying platforms being planned as part of that programme. The purpose of the demonstrator is to further develop the ability to design and manufacture complex integrated rotating and static lightweight structures inside the engine itself, as well as load paths and other related products that integrate the engine with the fuselage. The demonstrator will use results from a number of technology demonstrators, including those from the areas of:
* Rotating structures: GKN’s lightweight technology with welded fabrications is an attractive way to make rotating structures lighter. Development of laser welding to a level with minimal defects, new methods of non-destructive testing, and probabilistic methods of determining lifespan are therefore key technologies for this type of component.
Collaboration: GKN, HV, PTC Innovatum, Chalmers, SWEREA IVF, Midroc, Permanova, Brogren Industries, Tooltec.
* High-temperature structures: A rig demonstrator to show the realisability of the unique technologies necessary to support high temperature structures. An innovative fabricated (laser-welded) concept will be developed, which is composed from an optimised combination of high speed milled forgings, sheet metal, and castings in a newly developed high-temperature material. In addition, a new and unique heat shield will be developed to handle high temperatures, cooling, heat transfer and deformation.
Collaboration: GKN, Chalmers, HV, PTC Innovatum, SWEREA IVF, IUC Oskarsström, Bro-gren Industries, Permanova.
* Advanced cooling of aircraft engines: A rig demonstrator to show the realisability of the unique technologies necessary to develop more efficient aircraft engines using concepts for cooled air cooling, intercooling, cooled exhaust housing, or heat recycling. The technologies may also reduce infrared radiation from the engine.
Collaboration: GKN, Chalmers, HV, PTC Innovatum, SWEREA IVF, Arcam, IUC Oskarsström, Perma-nova.
* Radical concepts: A totally new concept looking towards 2050, when engine integration will be a key technology. In this instance we are talking about aircraft wings with integrated engines and distributed propulsion.
Collaboration: GKN, Saab, Chalmers, KTH.
A new demonstrator rig to show the realisability of the unique technologies required to develop the next generation of fan modules and the associated advanced composite hybrid materials for both rotating and structural components. The development of new materials that will be capable of withstanding higher temperatures will occur, as well as associated new design and production solutions. The technologies will also be demonstrated as part of international civil and military collaborations.
Collaboration: GKN, SWEREA Sicomp, Chalmers, LTU, HV, PTC Innovatum.
An increase in readiness of the existing demonstrator for the advanced structure in which Sweden is a leader in fields such as laminar flow, as well as composite and hybrid structures. In this case, the material, construction and manufacturing technologies for a wing structure for use in civilian aviation will be developed and demonstrated. Strong synergies are in place with the corresponding areas of military aerospace (dual use). This demonstrator is based on work within the field of highly integrated composite structures carried out as part of the civil programmes; Green Engine Demonstrator Programme and Clean Sky.
Links to international programmes: MIT-Necst, EU-Saristu, Top Nano, EDA ALOMAS, JTI Clean Sky, future demonstrators within EDA.
Collaboration: Saab, SWEREA Sicomp, ACAB, Compraser, LiU, KTH, FOI, Elitkomposit, Biteam, Exova and many more.
Increase in readiness of existing ground and air demonstrators, with the opportunity to demonstrate new concepts, new technologies, and new methods in an integrated form, i.e. the entire ATM system including air traffic control, the tower (manned and unmanned), the communications systems, aircraft (manned and unmanned), display systems on board and so on. This offers the opportunity for rapid development (rapid prototyping) and both simulation and live/shadow mode, and connections to live/operational data/systems.
Links to international programmes: SESAR.
Collaboration: Saab, LFV, Avtech and many more.
ONGOING AND PERFORMED CIVIL DEMONSTRATOR PROGRAMMES
FLUD – FLygtekniskt Utvecklings- & Demonstrationsprogram
With support from VINNOVA the demonstrator program FLUD (Aeronautical Development & Demonstration Program) was conducted from 2006 to 2010. The program consisted of two major projects:
– Saab Demonstration Green Aircraft Systems
– Swedish demonstrator for environmentally friendly aircraft engine (Volvo Aero)
These projects involved a number of external partners from academia and SME:s. The FLUD program was evaluated in this 2010 report: FLUD utvärderingsrapport 2010
As a continuation the GF Demo program was initiated in 2012 for the period 2012-2016.
GF Demo – Grönt flygtekniskt demonstrationsprogram
The GF Demo program (Green aviation technology demonstration program) intends to strengthen the Swedish aerospace industry’s international competitiveness. This is done by supporting the sensitive demonstration phase, where prospective research ideas and technologies can be tested and validated.
The GF Demo program will contribute to make demonstrated green technology faster introduced in future civil aircraft and its associated systems, such as lightweight technology, power-optimized systems or new features in the traffic management systems. The programme will also support and enable strong Swedish participation in international civil demonstration program, like Clean Sky and SESAR. The GF Demo programme will also help the larger companies to attract and involve SMEs in these projects but also further into the international demonstration programs.
A summary presentation of GF Demo is linked here: INNOVAIR ÅM 140924 GFDemo pres
Two Calls have been made within the GF Demo programme:
Call one: GF_Demo Utlysning 1 2012-02-07 for 4-year projects.
Call two: GF_Demo Utlysning 2 2013-06-27 for SMEs and two-year projects.
Approved projects (Call one – 2012) – with short summary in English:
2012-01031 SAAB AB: ”Next generation composite structures for commercial aircraft” GF DEMO 2012-01031 Saab project summary
2012-01027 GKN AEROSPACE SWEDEN AB: ”Green and Sustainable Aeroengine Demonstrators” GF DEMO 2012-01027 VAC project summary
Approved projects (Call two – 2013) – with short summary in English:
2013-04667 SAAB AB: ”Next generation composite structures for commercial aircraft – part 2” GF DEMO 2013-04667 Saab project summary
2013-04666 GKN AEROSPACE SWEDEN AB: ”Green and Sustainable Aeroengine Demonstrators – part 2” GF DEMO 2013-04666 GKN project summary
ONGOING AND PERFORMED MILITARY DEMONSTRATOR PROGRAMMES
European Technology Acquisition Programme – ETAP
The ETAP cooperative programme is the result of the six LoI (Letter of Intent) nations’ desire to unite their efforts in fostering the development of technologies for Future Combat Air Systems. This Programme, called European Technology Acquisition Programme, was set up in its present form on 26 November 2001 when the related Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), signed by France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom, entered into effect.
Aiming to develop the technologies needed for Future Combat Air Systems (FCAS) post 2020, the Programme, which is funded project by project on an equitable basis among the interested participants, comprises a set of Technology Demonstration Projects (TDPs) sorted into eight technological domains, which are:
– Integrated Vehicle Systems
– Low Observables
– Mission guidance and control
– Weapons and Weapons Integration
Thus far (2012), thirteen TDP:s have been launched. Programme decisions are taken unanimously by a Steering Committee comprising one representative from each participant, and a Programme Management Group is tasked with performing the day-to-day management of the programme, with also one representative per nation. For each project, a lead nation is appointed and this nation awards the contract on behalf of the other nations.
The aim of the nEUROn demonstrator is to provide the European design offices with a project allowing them to develop know-how and to maintain their technological capabilities in the coming years. This project goes far beyond the theoretical studies that have been conducted until now, as it plans the building and the flight demonstration of an unmanned aircraft. It is also a way to implement an innovative process in terms of management and organisation of a European cooperative programme. Dassault Aviation company is prime contractor to manage the nEUROn programme. The Italian, Swedish, Spanish, Greek and Swiss governments acting together with their related industrial teams, Alenia, SAAB, EADS-CASA, Hellenic Aerospace Industry (HAI) and RUAG, have joined the French initiative.
The aim of the nEUROn programme is to demonstrate the maturity and the effectiveness of technical solutions, but not to perform military missions.
The main technological challenges addressed during the design phase of the nEUROn are:
– the shapes of the air vehicle (aerodynamic, innovative composite structure, internal weapon bay)
– the technologies related to low observability issues
– the insertion of this type of aircraft within the test area
– the high-level algorithms necessary to the development of the automated processes
– as well as the place of the human factor within the mission loop
The last, but certainly not the least, important technology to be demonstrated is the capability to carry and deliver weapons from an internal bay.
Vid ICAS-kongressen i St Petersburg 7-12 september 2014 utdelades ICAS von Karman Award for International Cooperation in Aeronautics till det Europeiska demonstratorprojektet nEUROn. Projektet presenterades på ICAS 2014 i en General Lecture: ICAS 2014 General Lecture_nEUROn
MIDCAS – MID AIR COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM www.midcas.org
The aim of the MIDCAS program is to contribute to the UAS integration in civilian airspace by proposing a baseline of solutions for the ”Unmanned Aircraft System Mid-air Collision Avoidance Function” acceptable by the manned aviation.
Currently, Mid-Air Collision avoidance is ensured by several safety layers handled by Air Traffic Management, Local Air Traffic Controller, embedded Collision Avoidance systems as ACAS and the ”See & Avoid” capability of a human pilot. This capability shall respect ICAO ”Rules of the Air”. MIDCAS goal is to propose this capability to UAS. So MIDCAS function has to:
– detect (or sense) the aircraft is the vicinity of the UAS equipped
– maintain Situational Awareness the human pilot in charge of the control of the Remote Aircraft
– if needed, propose or execute automatically adapted manoeuvres to restore safe situation between UAS and others aircraft.
MIDCAS ensures a continuous dialog with all players of the aviation community and organisms in charge of aerial safety in order to favor the acceptance of the proposed solution by this community.
MIDCAS is the biggest project funded by the European Defence Agency, supported by the Ministries of Defence (MODs) from five European countries and led by a consortium including 13 European companies. They hold a large portion of European knowledge on Sense & Avoid as well as on other technologies relevant for the project. Signed during Le Bourget Air Show in June 2009, the MIDCAS project ends up in 2014.
See also MIDCAS progress report April 2015: MIDCAS demonstrates progress